Friday, 14 September 2007

Enhancement of the efficiency of non-viral gene delivery by application of pulsed magnetic field

Institute of Veterinary Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Zurich

Sarah W. Kamau, Paul O. Hassa, Benedikt Steitz1, Alke Petri-Fink1, Heinrich Hofmann1,Margarethe Hofmann-Amtenbrink2, Brigitte von Rechenberg3 and Michael O. Hottiger*

Nucleic Acids Research, 2006, Vol. 34, No. 5 e40

New approaches to increase the efficiencyofnon-viral gene delivery are still required. Here we report a simple approach that enhances gene delivery using permanent and pulsating magnetic fields. DNA plasmids and novel DNA fragments (PCR products) containing sequence encoding for green fluorescent protein were coupled to polyethylenimine coated superparamagnetic nanoparticles (SPIONs). The complexes were added to cells that were subsequently exposed to permanent and pulsating magnetic fields. Presence of these magnetic fields significantly increased the transfection efficiency 40 times more than in cells not exposed to the magnetic field. The transfection efficiency was highest when the nanoparticles were sedimented on the permanentmagnet before the application of the pulsating field, both for small (50 nm) and large (200–250 nm) nanoparticles. The highly efficient gene transfer already within 5 min shows that this technique is a powerful tool for future in vivo studies, where rapid gene delivery is requiredbefore systemic clearance or filtration of the gene vectors occurs.
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